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Argyll Marine SACs

Associated British Ports (ABP)
Associated British Ports (ABP) is the Statutory and Competent Harbour Authority for 21 separate ports and harbours located around the UK. ABP are committed to various objectives including integrating with communities, taking into account community needs and concerns when considering major developments, managing their obligations to the environment in a responsible and sustainable manner, and engaging in partnerships to enhance our environmental stewardship.

Association of Sea Fisheries Committees (ASFC)
The Association represents the national interests of the Sea Fisheries Committees and promotes those interests to Government and to stakeholders connected with inshore fisheries management and inshore marine environmental management. Sea Fisheries committees have the responsibility to manage the inshore fisheries up to 6 miles of our coasts along with responsibility on environmental issues.

Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast (SAC & SPA)

British Marine Aggregate Producers Association (BMAPA)
The British Marine Aggregate Producers Association is the trade association for the aggregates industry. Although the extraction of marine aggregates involves significantly less than one per cent the UK continental shelf, the industry recognises that it works in a sensitive environment and accepts its responsibility to operate with care and concern for other users of the sea. BMAPA believes this challenge should be approached as a partnership and actively seeks to minimise the industry's impact.

British Wind Energy Association (BWEA)
The British Wind Energy Association is the trade and professional body for the UK wind and marine renewables industries. BWEA is the leading renewable energy trade association in the UK. In 2004, BWEA expanded its mission to champion wave and tidal energy.

Cardigan Bay SAC

Carmarthen Bay & Estuaries EMS

Centre for Environment, Fisheries & Aquaculture Science (Cefas)
Cefas is an internationally renowned aquatic scientific research and consultancy centre aiming to be the prime source of high quality science used to conserve and enhance the aquatic environment, promote sustainable management of its natural resources, and protect the public from aquatic contaminants. Cefas is involved in a number of MPA relevant projects including PROTECT.

Coastal Partnerships Working Group (CWPG)
The CWPG encourages the exchange of information and debate between Coastal Partnership Officers.

CoastNet aims to safeguard the world's coast and those communities of people and wildlife that depend upon it. CoastNET work with all coastal interests to promote the exchange of ideas, information and expertise to find long term solutions to coastal issues.

Collaborative Offshore Wind Research Into The Environment (COWRIE)
COWRIE is an independent company set up to raise awareness and understanding of the potential environmental impacts of the UK offshore windfarm programme. Through its research projects COWRIE is helping to get a better understanding of the impacts of building windfarms in the sea. By using this new knowledge developers can build and operate their projects in a responsible and environmentally friendly way.

Community of Arran Seabed Trust (COAST)
C.O.A.S.T. (the Community of Arran Seabed Trust), is a local organisation aiming to make Lamlash Bay (Arran, Scotland) a Marine Protected Area from which mobile fishing gear is prohibited to regenerate and enhance local fish and shellfish populations.

Council for Nature Conservation and the Countryside (CCNC)
Council is made up of 19 members who cover a wide range of environmental expertise and experience throughout Northern Ireland. Its role as statutory advisor is to advise the Department of the Environment for Northern Ireland on matters affecting nature conservation and the countryside. Council also offers advice relevant to its remit to other government departments such as DARD, DRD and DCAL and is represented on other groups and working parties.

Countryside Council for Wales (CCW)
CCW is an independent adviser to government and works closely with marine industries, and with the Welsh Assembly Government, to ensure that appropriate management frameworks and policies are put in place to secure the future of Wales' coasts and seas.

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (defra)
The marine environment and fisheries department of Defra are responsible for policy concerning marine biodiversity, the marine environment and marine fisheries. Defra prepared the Marine Bill, which has now been enacted, to help to deliver the Government's vision for the marine environment.

Department of Environment (Northern Ireland) (DOE)
The Department of Environment (Northern Ireland) is responisble for formulates and implements Northern Ireland's environmental policy and legislation.

Department of Marine Sciences and Coastal Management, University of Newcastle
The Department of Marine Sciences and Coastal Management was formed in 1992 in a reorganisation of University Departments. It incorporates the Centre for Tropical Coastal Management Studies and the Dove Marine Laboratory, which was established in 1897. It operates the purpose built research vessel RV Bernicia.

Empafish (Marine Protected Areas as tools for Fisheries management and conservation)
Empafish is an EU project aiming to investigate the potential of different regimes of MPA across Europe as measures to protect sensitive and endangered species, habitats and ecosystems from the effects of fishing. Empafish also aims to develop quantitative methods to assess the effects of MPAs and to provide the EU with a set of integrated measures and policy proposals for the implementations of MPAs as fisheries and ecosystem management tools.

English Heritage (EH)
English Heritage is the Government's statutory adviser on the historic environment. English Heritage exists to protect and promote England's spectacular historic environment and ensure that its past is researched and understood.

Environment Agency (EA)
The Environment Agency has an important role in conservation and ecology and is working towards cleaner coasts and healthier seas. The Environment Agency is also involved in marine fisheries enforcement in certain estuaries and is generally responsible for the management of salmonid and eel fisheries.

Essex Estuaries (SAC & 5 SPA)

European Nature Information System (EUNIS)
The EUNIS Database is the European Nature Information System, developed and managed by the European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity for the European Environment Agency (EEA) and the European Environmental Information Observation Network. The EUNIS Database web application provides access to publicly available data in a consolidated database. The information includes: Data on Species, Habitats and Sites compiled in the framework of NATURA2000, Information on Species, Habitats and Sites taken into account in relevant international conventions or from International Red Lists.

Exe Estuary (SPA)

Fal and Helford (SAC)

Finding Sanctuary
Finding Sanctuary is a partnership project that aims to create a network of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) around the coasts and seas of South West England.

Forestry Comission
The Forestry Commission is the government department responsible for the protection and expansion of Britain's forests and woodlands.

Greenpeace investigates, exposes and confronts environmental abuse by governments and corporations around the world. They organise public campaigns including a 'defending oceans' campaign which champions the establishment of a network of MPAs around the UK.

Humber Estuary (pSAC & 1 SPA)

International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
ICES is the organisation that coordinates and promotes marine research in the North Atlantic, including adjacent seas.

Invest in Fish SW
Invest in Fish is part of a wider initiative which aims to agree the measures needed to best sustain fish stocks within the region (Celtic Sea, English Channel and Western Approaches), be considerate of the regional economy, local communities and the wider marine environment.

Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC)
The Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC) is the statutory adviser to Government on UK and international nature conservation. JNCC is responsible for undertaking work in connection with the surveillance and mapping of marine habitats and landscapes, the collation and analysis of marine data, the conservation of marine species, the identification of marine protected areas and advising on their subsequent protection and management.

Lundy (SAC)

Mapping European Seabed Habitats (MESH)
JNCC led an international marine habitat mapping programme entitled 'Development of a framework for Mapping European Seabed Habitats, or MESH for short, which started in spring 2004 and finished in January 2008. The MESH Project produced seabed habitat maps for north-west Europe (see MESH study area) and developed international standards and protocols for seabed mapping studies. The final products are a meta database of mapping studies, a web-delivered geographic information system (GIS) with habitat maps, a guidance framework for marine habitat mapping including protocols and standards, a report on case histories of habitat mapping, a stakeholder database.

Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom (MBA)
The MBA is a Learned Society and one of the UK's leading marine biological research institutes.

Marine Conservation Society (MCS)
The Marine Conservation Society (MCS) is dedicated to caring for our seas, shores and wildlife. In addition to campaigning on issues such as wildlife protection and fisheries, MCS is campaigning for a suite of Highly Protected Marine Reserves.

Marine Data and Information Partnership (MDIP)
A partnership of public and private sector organisations working to provide harmonised stewardship and access to marine data and information, and so facilitate improved management of the seas around the UK.

MedPAN (The network of managers of Marine Protected Areas in the Mediterranean)
The network of managers of Marine Protected Areas in the Mediterranean. The aim of the network is to facilitate exchange between Mediterranean marine protected areas in order to improve the efficiency of the management of these areas.

Medway Estuary and Marshes

Menai Strait & Conwy Bay SAC

Monitoring the Lyme Bay Closed Area
A 60-square-mile area of Lyme Bay, on the south west coast, was closed to bottom-towed fishing activity by Defra in July 2008 on the advice of Natural England. The effects of this closure on the recovery of marine biodiversity and its socioeconomic impacts are being studied by a consortium of scientists, lead by the University of Plymouth Marine Institute. This monitoring study will provide valuable information on the effectiveness of marine protected areas in acheiving conservation goals.

Moray Firth Partnership (SAC)

Morcambe Bay SAC

National Biodiversity Network (NBN)
The NBN gateway acts as a data warehouse, storing individual wildlife records.

National Federation of Fishermen's Organisations (NFFO)
The National Federation of Fishermen's Organisations is the representative body for fishermen in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. The NFFO contribute to and advance EU and National Fisheries Policy to ensure a profitable, viable and sustainable fishing industry.

National Federation of Sea Anglers (NFSA)
The NFSA is the governing body for sea angling in England. One of the aims of the NFSA is to ensure that habitats where fish live and breed are protected from destructive fishing gear.

National Marine Protected Areas Center (US)
The National Marine Protected Areas Centre provides information and resources that assist in national dialogue and decision-making about MPAs in the United States.

National Oceanographic Centre, Southampton (NOCS)
NOCS delivers a diverse mission, which ranges from managing the national research vessel fleet and other major facilities, to programmes of strategic research for NERC, and academic research and education in ocean and earth sciences in support of the University's mission.

Natura 2000
Natura 2000 refers to a network of protected sites consisting of Special Areas of Conservation (identified under the Habitats Directive) and Special Protected Areas (identified under the Birds Directive). There are over 20,000 sites in the Natura 2000 network, covering almost a fifth of the EU territory.

Natural England (NE)
Natural England has responsibilities for conserving and enhancing the marine and coastal environment, and for promoting its sustainable use and opportunities for public enjoyment. Its work includes monitoring marine protected areas and creating new ones, working to improve coastal and marine biodiversity, and working with government on the Marine Act.

Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)
NERC funds world-class science in universities and our own research centres that increases knowledge and understanding of the natural world. They are tackling the 21st century's major environmental issues such as climate change, biodiversity and natural hazards.

North East Kent (Thanet) (2 SACs & 1 SPA)

Northern Ireland Environment Agency (NIEA)
NIEA (formerely the Environment and Heritage Service) takes the lead in advising on, and in implementing, the Government's environmental policy and strategy in Northern Ireland. The NIEA are responsible for the management of Strangford Lough, Ireland's first Marine Natural Reserve.

OSPAR Comission
The OSPAR Commission is a vital mechanism to help Governments cooperate and a key partner in further efforts to improve the protection of the North-East Atlantic.

Papa Stour SAC

Pembrokeshire Marine SAC

Pen Llyn a'r Sarnau SAC

Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML)
PML undertake research into marine ecosystems, developing relevant and integrated approaches for delivering a sustainable basis to marine ecosystem management.

Plymouth Sound and Estuaries (SAC & 1 SPA)

Professional Association of Dive Instructors (PADI) Project AWARE
The Project AWARE Foundation, established in 1992, is the dive industry's leading non-profit organization committed to conserving the underwater environments through education, advocacy and action. Grant program funding is made possible by direct contributions from divers and water enthusiasts and operates on a quarterly funding cycle.

PROTECT (Ecosystem conservation and fisheries management through Marine Protected Areas)
PROTECT seeks to provide European policy-makers with improved tools for the identification, design and management of MPAs. It will bring together the collective expertise of 17 leading European marine research institutes who will evaluate the potential of MPAs as a tool to protect sensitive species and habitats against the effect of fishing, develop scientific methods and information products to design and evaluate the effect of MPAs, co-operate with other EU-funded projects, such as EMPAFISH, and organise a series of thematic workshops and compile reports that will draw from experience and lessons learnt from specific case studies.

Protect Planet Ocean
Protect Planet Ocean is a collaboration of global conservation organisations aimed at promoting marine protected areas as a method of conservation.

Protected Areas Learning Network (PALnet)
The Protected Area Learning Network makes information about protected area related projects freely available to registered users. The database includes but is not limited to useful material such as project names and descriptions, websites and the names of contact persons related to the work. Registered users are encouraged to upload information about protected area related projects to the database.

Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory (POL)
The POL hosts the British Oceanographic Data Centre a national facility for archiving and distributing marine environmental data.

Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB)
The RSPB's aim is to conserve wild places for birds and other wildlife and their involvement in the UK Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) covers many species and habitats.

Royal Yachting Association (RYA)
The RYA is a UK membership organisation for recreational boat owners and crew with over 103,000 personal members. There are an estimated further 500,000 boat owners nationally who are members of RYA affiliated clubs and class associations. The RYA fights unnecessary bureaucracy and threats to boating on behalf of these members and affiliates in the UK and abroad.

Scottish Association for Marine Science (SAMS)
SAMS is Scotland's premier marine science research organisation committed to increasing our knowledge and stewardship of the marine environment.

Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA)
SEPA are Scotland's environmental regulator and adviser, and are responsible to the Scottish Parliament through Ministers. As well as their role in controlling pollution, they work with others to protect and improve the environment.

Scottish Executive (SE)
The Scottish Executive is the devolved government for Scotland. The Marine Biodiversity Policy and Sustainable Management team is responsible for policies that preserve marine habitats and the animals that are supported by them, including marine protected areas.

Scottish Fishermen's Federation (SFF)
The Scottish Fishermen's Federation was formed in 1973 to preserve and promote the collective interests of Fishermen's Associations. The Federation plays an active role in advancing the interests of Scottish fishermen at national and international levels by lobby government officials in Edinburgh, London and Brussels. The Federation also plays an important role in helping to inform: fisheries science; marine environment management; inshore fisheries management; marine safety regulations; and industry training/recruitment programmes.

Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH)
Scottish Natural Heritage work with Scotland's people to care for the natural heritage: the wildlife, habitats, rocks, landscapes and natural beauty of Scotland. One of their major responsibilities is to ensure the conservation and enhancement of habitats, species and landscapes, particularly through 'protected' areas. Scottish Natural Heritage have also prepared advice on coastal and marine National Parks in response to the Scottish Executive announcement of their intention to create Scotland's first coastal & marine National Park in 2008.

Sea Anglers' Conservation Network (SACN)
The Sea Anglers' Conservation Network promotes marine conservation issues amongst the Recreational Sea Angling (RSA) community, involving them in campaigning and lobbying for the restoration and conservation of the marine environment, and of the fin-fish species which sustain the UK's valuable recreational sea fisheries. SACN recognises the potential of Marine Protected Areas in restoring and conserving marine resources and is eager that recreational sea anglers are involved in creating MPAs at an early stage in specific proposals to ensure that maximum benefits can be obtained, with minimum necessary restriction, leading to enthusiastic buy-in and willing compliance, and general support for the MPA concept amongst the RSA community.

The Sea Fish Industry Authority (Seafish) is a non Departmental Public Body (NDPB) that works across all sectors of the UK seafood industry to promote good quality, sustainable seafood. Part of the work of Seafish's Business Development directorate is to promote a responsible industry.

Seasearch is national project, the main aim of which is to use volunteer divers who have an interest in the marine environment to map out the various types of sea bed found in the near-shore zone around the British Isles. Seasearch is also recording what lives in each area. Data from the project has already contributed to the creation of marine reserves and the protection of species such as the sea fan.

Severn Estuary (cSAC & 2 SPAs)

Skomer Marine Nature Reserve

Solent Maritime (SAC & 3 SPA)

Solway Firth (SAC & 1 SPA)

Sound of Arisaig SAC

South Wight Maritime (SAC)

Stour & Orwell (SPA)

Strangford Lough SAC

The Crown Estate
The Crown Estate owns virtually the entire seabed out to the 12 nautical mile territorial limit, including the rights to explore and utilise the natural resources of the UK continental shelf (excluding oil, gas and coal). In addition, they own around 55% of the foreshore, the area between mean high and mean low water (spring tides in Scotland) and approximately half of the beds of estuaries and tidal rivers in the United Kingdom. The Crown Estate seek to ensure that the management of important marine areas for conservation and protection is carried out in a responsible way with all necessary statutory consents, whilst complying with their obligations under The Crown Estate Act to derive profit from activities such as leisure and commercial use.

The Data Archive for Seabed Species and Habitats (DASSH)
DASSH is the UK Marine Data Archive Centre for benthic survey data of both species and habitats. DASSH provides digital archive facilities for benthic datasets and a digital repository for benthic images and video.

The Marine Life Information Network for Britain and Ireland (MarLIN)
MarLIN provides information for marine environmental management, protection and education. MarLIN was originally set up to support decision making by managers of SACs and provides information reviews on a variety of protected species and habitats including sensitivity assessments.

The National Trust
The National Trust is a charity and is completely independent of Government. They rely for income on membership fees, donations and legacies, and revenue raised from our commercial operations. The National Trust protects special places in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, for ever, for everyone.

The Shellfish Association of Great Britain
The SAGB is the Shellfish industry's trade body and the director and staff are based at Fishmongers' Hall in the City of London. Shellfish farmers, groups of fishermen, commercial traders and companies, the Seafish Industry Authority and many of the Sea Fisheries Committees are members. The range of species marketed and activities covered have extended gradually in its 103 years of service to the industry

The Wash and North Norfolk Coast (SAC & 3 SPA)

UK Marine Special Areas of Conservation (SAC) project
The Marine SAC project website provides access to the knowledge generated through the UK Marine SACs Project: The project was completed in 2001 and therefore not all of the information is still up to date. It hosts a wealth of information including practical guidance on managing SACs and site based information.

UK SeaMap
The UKSeaMap project's interactive geographical information system (GIS) allows users to access and download the maps created by the project showing seabed landscapes and seasonal water column features.

University Marine Biological Station Millport
An institute of the University of London, managed in association with the University of Glasgow, the UMBSM maintains an active research programme, undertaking high quality research.

Western Isles SACs

Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society (WDCS)
The WDCS is a charitable organisation aimed at the protection of cetaceans and their environment.

Wildfowl and Wetland Trust (WWT)
WWT is a leading conservation organisation saving wetlands for wildlife and people across the world.

Wildlife & Countryside Link (Link)
Wildlife and Countryside Link brings together environmental voluntary organisations in the UK. Link believes that the Marine and Coastal Access Act offers a critical opportunity to provide for the designation of a representative network of MPAs.

Wildlife Trusts
Marine conservation is an essential part of the work of The Wildlife Trusts and they have launched a major campaign to help ensure a better future for the amazing wildlife that depends on our seas for survival.

World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA)
The World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA) is the world's premier network of protected area expertise. WCPA's international mission is to promote the establishment and effective management of a world-wide representative network of terrestrial and marine protected areas as an integral contribution to the IUCN mission. WCPA works by helping governments and others plan protected areas and integrate them into all sectors; by providing strategic advice to policy makers; by strengthening capacity and investment in protected areas; and by convening the diverse constituency of protected area stakeholders to address challenging issues. For more than 50 years IUCN and WCPA have been at the forefront of global action on protected areas.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC)
The UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) is a collaboration between the United Nations Environment Programme, the world's foremost intergovernmental environmental organization, and WCMC 2000, a UK-based charity.

WWF-UK works on both global and local environmental issues. One of their priority work areas is protecting marine and coastal ecosystems and their campaigns include the Marine Act campaign. WWF also hold lots of relevant reports.